Salman Rushdie, who is a master of imagery with words, and has always landed in controversies for his outspokenness, returns with a commentary on the political history of America in the last decade. He narrates the story of Nero Golden, a real estate tycoon who immigrated to America with his three sons, at the same time when Obamas move in to the White House.
Told from the point of view of their neighbour René, the story follows the story of these motley characters through their ups and downs – their high life, sibling rivalry and clashes, the ‘other woman’ and ultimately the undoing of the ‘Golden House’. And with the story of the Golden family, come the varied references to popular cinema, pop culture, political movements and literature of the time.
Although Rushdie does not name him, He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named (no, I do not mean Voldemort) makes his way into the story too. Nero Golden’s resemblance to the golden-haired business tycoon currently residing in the White House is unmistakable. In fact, he and his sons – and the travails they go through – are symptomatic of the political and social climate America is passing through. Or as René puts it, a constant struggle between good and evil.
Rushdie, in his Dickensian style, weaves a narrative that is often satirical. The book is full of humour, often in the backdrop of a social problem. He describes Obama’s successor as a character straight of a comic book – “it was the year of The Joker in Gotham and beyond”, Rushdie writes, as “America had left reality behind”. He laboriously sketches every character, which sometimes is tedious.
In ‘Midnight’s Children’ Rushdie’s magic realism has wooed us all. In ‘The Golden House’ he tries to tread the same path, leaving us wanting for more. But in times like these, reality is often more fascinating than fiction.
My Rating: 3/5 stars
P.S. This review is part of the Flipkart Bloggers’ Affiliate Programme
President of the United States, Barack Obama delivered his last State of the Union address earlier this morning (as per Indian Standard Time). A good orator who knows how to win over his audience, Obama cast a spell on yours truly. It was a moment of déjà vu; his address reminded me of his speech on the day he was sworn in as the 44th President of the US.
Image Courtesy: dailysignal.com
Although aimed at giving a direction to American people for the coming year, this year’s address by Obama easily qualifies as a textbook example of how a democracy should function. Not just his Republican comrades, Obama’s suggestions apply to the Indian Right Wing as well.
Here are 10 quotes from Obama’s SOTU speech that the Indian Prime Minister Modi can share with his compatriots in the Sangh:
- A great education isn’t all we need in this new economy. We also need benefits and protections that provide a basic measure of security…. That’s why Social Security and Medicare are more important than ever; we shouldn’t weaken them, we should strengthen them.
After coming to power, the Modi Sarkar had slashed the budget for social sector and delinked several schemes. The budgetary support to States for schemes like mid-day meal has been stopped; states are burdened with the expenditure of NREGA. Healthcare spending has also taken a hit in the new regime.
- Food Stamp recipients didn’t cause the financial crisis; recklessness on Wall Street did. Immigrants aren’t the reason wages haven’t gone up enough; those decisions are made in the boardrooms that too often put quarterly earnings over long-term returns. It’s sure not the average family watching tonight that avoids paying taxes through offshore accounts.
The BJP has built its whole propaganda on the issue of “illegal immigrants”. All ills of the country have been pinned on these people (following a certain faith). Obama’s message has a bearing on the BJP too.
Moreover, the BJP after coming to power has been burdening the common people with taxes and cess. Small businesses are suffering as big corporate honchos enjoy tax benefits. As Obama points out, Modi must realise the middle class’ woes and take corrective measures. Ending subsidy is not the solution, cleaning up the system is.
- We’ve protected an open internet, and taken bold new steps to get more students and low-income Americans online.
Open internet is essential for Digital India. But the BJP government has come across as a headless chicken when it comes to Net Neutrality with the Telecom Minister defending freedom of expression on the internet with Net Neutrality during his statement in the Rajya Sabha.
- Look, if anybody still wants to dispute the science around climate change, have at it. You’ll be pretty lonely, because you’ll be debating our military, most of America’s business leaders, the majority of the American people, almost the entire scientific community, and 200 nations around the world who agree it’s a problem and intend to solve it.
During an interaction with students on September 5, 2014, Modi had said, “climate has not changed, we have changed”. Modi was also vague on global warming and its causes in an interview with The Hindu a few days earlier.
“Climate change? Is this terminology correct? The reality is this that in our family, some people are old … They say this time the weather is colder. And, people’s ability to bear cold becomes less,” he said.
- We need to reject any politics that targets people because of race or religion. This isn’t a matter of political correctness. It’s a matter of understanding what makes us strong. The world respects us not just for our arsenal; it respects us for our diversity and our openness and the way we respect every faith.
No matter how fiercely the BJP contests the fact that intolerance is on the rise in India, there can be no iota of doubt that BJP leaders and MPs have been repeatedly making xenophobic comments against fellow citizens just because they follow a different faith or support a different party. The silence of the PM on the issue is a mark of approval for his partymen’s actions.
- The future we want – opportunity and security for our families; a rising standard of living and a sustainable, peaceful planet for our kids – all that is within our reach. But it will only happen if we work together. It will only happen if we can have rational, constructive debates.
The space for debates in India has been shrinking since this government came to power. It’s my way of the highway. Anybody who criticises BJP is asked to go to Pakistan. Modi has become the gospel truth. Fake photos, shrill diatribes and crass behaviour has become the mainstay online.
- A better politics doesn’t mean we have to agree on everything. This is a big country, with different regions and attitudes and interests. That’s one of our strengths, too.
This is the strength of a democracy. Unless we accept the diversity of India, we cannot succeed. Multiplicity of views is our strength and we cannot ignore it. The Sadhvis and Yogis of BJP must be taken to task by the PM.
- We have to reduce the influence of money in our politics, so that a handful of families and hidden interests can’t bankroll our elections – and if our existing approach to campaign finance can’t pass muster in the courts, we need to work together to find a real solution.
“Black money leads to money power. Money power leads to muscle power. Muscle and money power are a toxic combination in democracy” – This is the stand of Mamata Banerjee regarding election reforms. On numerous occasions, Trinamool has voiced the message and asked for all parties to come forward to set the wheels of change in motion.
In 2014, BJP ran a campaign worth thousands of crores. The media blitzkrieg was responsible to an extent in shaping public opinion. Therein lies the danger of money power in democracy. India, like US, needs electoral reforms.
- Voices that help us see ourselves not first and foremost as black or white or Asian or Latino, not as gay or straight, immigrant or native-born; not as Democrats or Republicans, but as Americans first, bound by a common creed.
Unity in diversity is the thread that binds India. We must respect the diversity; then only can we become true Indians. We must respect each other’s cultures. Imposition of ‘Raj Bhasha’ from Delhi or dictatorial interferences in state matters is counter-productive. We must not just be tolerant of other cultures but also respect them. And most importantly, the government of India must accept that rights of sexual minorities are also human rights!
- Democracy does require basic bonds of trust between its citizens. It doesn’t work if we think the people who disagree with us are all motivated by malice, or that our political opponents are unpatriotic. Democracy grinds to a halt without a willingness to compromise; or when even basic facts are contested, and we listen only to those who agree with us.
From ministers to MPs, “fringe” elements to party president, BJP has a whole list of netas who think they are the flag bearers of patriotism and anybody who does not agree with their brand of politics must be sent to Pakistan. That’s why ‘Go to Pakistan’ becomes common exchange during election season, the BJP Party President remarks Pakistan will celebrate if BJP loses or the PM (denigrating his own office) takes potshots at those who eat biriyani!
India is a great nation with not so great people. We can make India proud. We must strengthen our democracy. Obama’s speech today was a small guiding principle for the government of India to practice in the days to come!