No other filmmaker, apart from Kurosawa, has encompassed a whole culture; and no other filmmaker has covered such a range, from pure farce to high tragedy and from musical fantasies to detective stories. No other filmmaker has donned so many hats – from the writer to the illustrator, music composer, dialogue writer.
In the beginning of his career Ray worked with some of greatest music maestros of Indian classical music; Pandit Ravi Shankar for the Apu Trilogy and Parash Pathar, Ustad Vilayat Khan for Jalsaghar and Ali Akbar Khan for Devi. Since Teen Kanya (1961), he began composing the music for his films.
“The reason why I do not work with professional composers any more is that I get too many musical ideas of my own, and composers, understandably enough, resent being guided too much”, he said.
He would start working on music in very early stages of a production – sometimes as early as in the script stage. He would keep notes of the music ideas as they evolved. After completing the final edit, he would usually shut himself in his study for several days to compose the music. He meticulously wrote the scores in either Indian or western notation depending on musicians.
“… the pleasure of finding out that the music sounds as you had imagined it would, more than compensates for the hard work that goes into it. The final pleasure, of course, is in finding out that it not only sounds right but is also right for the scene for which it was meant” he wrote.
To him the role of music was to make things simpler for the audience. “If I were the only audience, I wouldn’t be using music! … I have always felt that music is really an extraneous element, that one should be able to do without it, express oneself without it”, he said.
He loved experimenting. He is one of the earliest composers in India to try mixing western and Indian elements in his scores. He composed a background music that belonged a particular film rather than to any recognisable tradition. The music in his film complemented the narrative and personified the characters. He avidly listened to the western classical masters and incorporated their compositions in his own creations. He even dared experimenting with Rabindrasangeet in Ghare Baire, at a time when Viswa Bharati had earned the reputation of censuring anyone who did not conform to their rules.
“I fear his range may never be fully understood, given that his films describe Bengal, which (unlike Japan) is of little political, economic or cultural importance to the world – and in a language unknown even to most Indians,” wrote Andrew Robinson in his Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye.
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Haven’t we all wondered at one point of time, how the child artist in Small Wonder must look like now, or what the lovely Arnold from Different Strokes must be doing for a living? Back home, we have seen Mukul of Sonar Kella grow up into a talented actor. But there are very many who have just retreated into oblivion. Kaushik Ganguly tells us the story of one such child artists who was lost in the pages of history now – Subir Banerjee, best known as Pather Panchali‘s Apu.
But then again, Apur Panchali is not a film about a lost artist. It is an uncanny tale of Subir, whose life is a stark retelling of the screenplay of Apu trilogy in real life. Subir was rejected for the role of Apu in Aparajito. But did Apu ever leave his side?
Superbly juxtaposed with scenes from Pather Panchali, with haunting background score adding to the narrative, the screenplay of Apur Panchali is like a collage of the blissful moments from Apur Sangsar – with Parambrata playing Soumitra’s role and Parno as Sharmila. One cannot thank Kaushik Ganguly enough for the magical 100 minutes at the theatre.
The serenity of the chemistry between Parno and Param is mesmerising. Parno’s heart-wrenching performance in the hospital scene would move even a rock to tears. Had Satyajit Ray been alive, he would surely have cast the two as lead in Apur Sangsar.
Pather Panchali was the song of the road that urges Apu to move on… Apur Panchali is a reflection of life that failed, yet moved on… Immersed in nostalgia, it evokes a longing for the roots and ends on a note of acknowledgment that life demands one to move on…
My Rating: 4/5 stars
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