Author Archives: Agnivo Niyogi

Jayalalitha and Mamata – The Iron Ladies of Indian Politics


The Iron Ladies – Photo Courtesy: Political Mirror

As Jayalalitha’s cortege reached MGR Memorial near Marina Beach in Chennai, the solemnity of the occasion triggered a volley of thoughts in my minds. A panelist on some English news channel casually remarked how similar the struggles of Jayalalitha and Mamata Banerjee have been and I could not agree more.

Jayalalitha, who ruled the silver screen before taking the political plunge, was the protege of MG Ramachandran, the founder of AIADMK. She was the Propaganda Secretary of the party and went on to become a Rajya Sabha MP in 1984, the same year Mamata Banerjee emerged as a ‘giant-killer’ in Jadavpur, making her way to Lok Sabha.

After MGR’s death, Jayalalitha had to face stiff competition from within her party. Late MGR’s wife Janaki Ramachandran apparently did not even allow Jayalalitha to attend MGR’s funeral. The party headed for a split with the political future of Jayalalitha under question. AIADMK faced crushing defeat in the 1989 Assembly elections.

Mamata Banerjee’s feud with West Bengal Pradesh Congress is well-known. In the 1990s, the State Congress had virtually turned into a party of watermelons (green on the outside and red on the inside). Some senior leaders colluded with the Left to keep their Delhi ambitions afloat. From the famous ‘Outdoor’ Congress Party meet in 1996 to the subsequent formation of Trinamool, Mamata Banerjee’s struggle followed similar course as Jayalalitha’s.

Both Didi and Amma battled it out in a man’s world. With grit, determination and strong will-power they held on to their forte of mass appeal and galvanised the cadre and won the trust of the people. While Jayalalitha rode to power in 1991 as Tamil Nadu’s first female CM, Didi swept the polls in Bengal two decades later.

Even as the administrative heads of their respective States, Mamata Banerjee and Jayalalitha pursued similar policies. Inclusive governance through social empowerment seems to have been their guiding force. From fair price medicine shops to fair price vegetable stores, subsidised food to affordable healthcare, both the leaders have worked for the masses. In fact, despite the ‘populism’ economies of both Tamil Nadu and Bengal have prospered under the leaderships of Jayalalitha and Mamata, respectively.

There are very few mass leaders in India who command the love and respect of millions of people. The outpouring of grief and the sea of humanity at Marina Beach today is a testimony of Amma’s popularity. And Didi’s charismatic popularity can easily be gauged during her district visits, or from the massive turnout on annual 21 July rallies in the heart of Kolkata. Interestingly, the support of women forms a big pillar behind the success of both these leaders.

With Jayalalitha in heavenly abode now, the future of India rests on the Tigress of Bengal, specially in these tumultuous times. The days to come will determine how posterity scripts the history of the times we call the present Indian political scene.

Book Review – Savoir-Faire by Ashwini Dodani

savoir-coverPoetry is so abstract and relative that it often becomes very difficult to critique them. If the emotions of the poet find resonance with your thoughts after you finish reading a poem, the exercise is successful. Even if the words mean differently to you, the poet has succeeded in initiating a conversation. Ashwini Dodani‘s collection of 40 poems in Savoir Faire (published by Inkhorn Publishing India Private Limited) works because it provokes you to think.

Apparently simple, each of these poems have a deep take on the various mundane happenings in life. What is a lazy Sunday afternoon, or a cuppa of hot coffee on a cold Saturday afternoon without the perfect companion in poetry? I must confess here, I have acted lazy and sat down to pen my thoughts after a full month of the book was sent to me by Ashwini (and apologies are in order).

Poetry is not just about putting together metaphorical words in a rhythmic (or prosaic rhythm, if you may) fashion, words dripping with intellectual show-off, making it difficult for you to connect to the subject. Ashwini’s poems are simple, uncomplicated yet impactful. Simple emotions of life – love, despair, smile, solitude – are expressed so beautifully. Savour this sample on ‘Love’ –


Beyond answer, it raises questions,

While you wander, it takes you through,

A parent in disguise for your heart,

Broken pieces mended not fallen apart…

His words can be motivational too. Ashwini makes you look at life in a new light:

Your confidence is your weapon

Your mid-way breaks define you

Your mistakes will make you laugh

Your imagination will draw your epitaph…

The poem on first kiss reminded me of something similar I had written, when I first fell in love. The emotions behind the words are as honest as they can be and strike a chord. This book can easily be rechristened ‘The Poetic Handbook of Emotions’.

Best part of poetry is it never gets old. For every mood, there are words you can take refuge in. ‘Savoir Faire’ passes with flying colours in that regard. And two lines of wisdom for Ashwini, in his own words:

Let limits not define you,
Let no insufficiency affect you,
You were born to rule,
No one but yourself and in every hue.

P.S. You can buy this book online on Amazon or Flipkart. Thank you Ashwini for the preview copy.

Follow Ashwini’s blog here.

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